5.22: CPC Exam: Medical Terminology

In this video, we’ll talk about medical terminology and the CPC exam. This video will provide a quick review and give you further steps for brushing up before the test.

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5.22: CPC Exam: Medical Terminology

Much like anatomy and physiology, learning medical terminology is not something you can summarize in one simple video.

You’ll need to know your ectomies from your otomies (as you’ve probably already seen in the prior courses), and it’s very helpful to familiarize yourself with the common prefixes and suffixes common to the medical vocabulary.

Download the ebook or accompanying powerpoint to review tables that can help you brush up on your prefixes and suffixes.

Prefix Meaning Example
Ambi- Both Ambidextrous
Aniso- Unequal Anisocytosis
Dys- Bad, painful, difficult Dyslexia
Eu- Good, normal Eukaryote
Hetero- Different Heterogeneous
Homo- Same Homogeneous
Hyper- Excessive, above Hypertension
Hypo- Lack, below Hypoglycemic
Iso- Equal, same Isotope
Mal- Bad, poor Malnutrition
Megalo- Large Megalomania
Suffix Meaning Example
-algia Pain Myalgia
-asthenia Weakness (may also be a standalone term) Neurocirculatory asthenia
-emia Blood Hypoglycemia
-iasis Condition of Elephantiasis
-itis Inflammation Bronchitis
-lysis Destruction, break down Dialysis
-lytic Destroy, break down Hydrolytic
-oid Like Haploid
-oma Tumor Fibroma
-opathy Disease of Neuropathy
-orrhagia Hemorrhage Metrorrhagia
-orrhea Flow or discharge Diarrhea
-osis Abnormal condition of Tuberculosis
-paresis Slight paralysis Hemiparesis
-plasia Growth Achondroplasia
-plegia Paralysis Quadraplegia
-pnea Breathing Sleep apnea

Here’s a list of suffixes common to surgical procedures:

Suffix Meaning Example
-centesis Puncture a cavity to remove fluid Amniocentesis
-ectomy Surgical removal or excision Hysterectomy
-ostomy A new permanent opening Tracheostomy
-otomy Cutting into, incision Gastrotomy
-orrhaphy Surgical repair or suture Gastrorrhaphy
-opexy Surgical fixation Nephropexy
-oplasty Surgical repair Rhinoplasty
-otripsy Crushing or destroying Lithotripsy

By knowing your medical prefixes and suffixes, you’ll have a much easier time navigating complicated medical terminology. If you know the root word and the suffix, you already know the procedure. For instance, an orchiectomy is the removal of a testicle. “Orchi” is testes, and an “-ectomy” is a surgical removal. Yikes.

Still, this course won’t be enough to prepare you for the CPC exams question on medical terminology. We recommend taking either an outside medical terminology and/or anatomy and physiology course before you take the CPC exam.

It’s also not a bad idea to look at some online flash cards. There are dozens of different flash card sets out there, and most are entirely free. Don’t use these as your primary method of learning medical terminology, but they’re a good resource if you’re looking for a way to brush up.

Video: CPC Exam: Medical Terminology

In this video, we’ll talk about medical terminology and the CPC exam. This video will provide a quick review and give you further steps for brushing up before the test.