The integumentary system is, put simply, the skin. The skin is the largest organ in the human body. It protects, and allows for homeostasis, among a number of other functions.
The skin is made up of three main layers: the epidermis, the dermis, and the hypodermis. Each of these performs it’s own set of specific functions. The dermis, for example, allows for the skin’s flexibility, and also houses nerve endings and blood vessels.
You’ll find codes for procedures on the integumentary system in the 10021 – 19499 numerical range of the CPT manual. It’s the first subsection of Surgery.
You’ll find codes for incisions, wound debridement, skin tag removal, and the excision of benign and malignant lesions at the front of the integumentary subsection. Debridement and excision codes all include measurements: the depth of the tissue removed via debridement, for example, or the diameter of the lesion removed. Code according to these measurements. There are also specific codes for the number of lesions removed in a single procedure. Keep this in mind as your reading any question related to lesion removal.
Toward the middle you’ll find codes for skin grafts, skin repair, and other tissue transfers. In this section, you’ll need to know the different sources of grafts (autografts are grafts from the patient, allografts are grafts from a cadaver, and xenographs are grafts from animals or man-made sources). You’ll also find a number of codes for different skin replacement surgeries.
The next area of the integumentary section is burns. Here you’ll need to know the “rules of 9s.” The surface area of the human body is divided into multiples of 9: the legs are each 18%, as is the front and back of the torso. Each arm accounts for 9%, as does the head. The genitals are 1%. So a patient who has burns over the left leg and left arm has burns over 27% of their body.
At the end of the integumentary subsection, you’ll find codes for the breasts. The breasts aren’t technically part of the integumentary system, but according to the AMA, this is the best place for them. You’ll find codes for mastectomies, breast repair and reconstruction, and the excision of cysts, tumors, and lesions.